An estimated 95% of silicon dioxide produced is consumed in the construction industry, e.g. for the production of Portland cement.
Silica, in the form of sand is used as the main ingredient in sand casting for the manufacture of metallic components in engineering and other applications. The high melting point of silica enables it to be used in such applications.
Crystalline silica is used in hydraulic fracturing of formations which contain tight oil and shale gas.